Philip O'Sullivan's Market Musings

Financial analysis from Dublin, Ireland

Posts Tagged ‘Diageo

Market Musings 24/8/2012

with one comment

Since my last update Greencore announced a bolt-on acquisition, buying a ready meal facility from the Hain Daniels Group. This will help support the market share gains the group has been achieving in that segment in the UK. Furthermore, it is encouraging to see this additional capacity has been delivered through acquisition rather than greenfield investment, given that any incremental industry capacity would give the multiples something with which to play food manufacturers off against each other.


Elsewhere in the food and beverage sector, Diageo released its full-year results. Davy provides a good summary of them here, while the presentation is also well worth a look. I’m a big fan of Diageo’s business model, which offers strong diversification both in terms of geography and product categories, and also a play on the emerging middle classes in the developing world. However, trading on a PE approaching 17x, it is not one for me at this point.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in Abbey plc) Yesterday afternoon the independent directors of Abbey released their response document following the recent receipt of a mandatory offer from Gallagher Holdings. Unusually, the directors have opted to sit on the fence and not issue a firm recommendation to shareholders on whether or not they should accept this offer, preferring instead to set out the pros and cons of the proposed takeover. I can’t help but wonder if Abbey’s independent directors would have come down more on the side of the Gallagher bid had the offer being pitched much closer to the firm’s NAV.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in RBS plc) The Financial Times reported that RBS is under investigation in the US over alleged dealings with Iran. Should RBS be shown to have broken the US’ rules, I assume the damage will be confined to a manageable sum, as we recently saw with Standard Chartered’s £215m fine. This would represent a third hit to the group after the IT debacle and LIBOR issues earlier this summer, but given the one-off (and, in two of the three cases, legacy) nature of these problems I wouldn’t be too concerned. Regular readers of this blog will be aware that I am presently taking a contrarian view on RBS and am considering raising my shareholding in the business, which is trading on less than 0.5x NAV and which is unloved as the market focuses on one-off issues instead of the recovery in profits that is clearly underway.


Staying with the banks, IBRC, which comprises the former Anglo Irish Bank and Irish Nationwide Building Society, released its interim results this morning. An examination of the IBRC loanbook reveals a grim picture, with 76% of loans (pre-provisions) at the end of H1 2012 classified as either past due or impaired (end 2011: 72%). In terms of the different segments of the loan book, the percentages classified as either past due or impaired are as follows: Commercial 76%, Residential 75%, Business Banking 79%, Residential Mortgages 59% and ‘Other Lending’ 80%. The elevated levels evident across all components of the loan book starkly illustrates the challenges facing the group (and, by extension, the Irish taxpayer).  Gross customer lending was -5.5% in the first 6 months of 2012 to €27.5bn, with the stock of loans -5.4% in Ireland, -6.4% in the UK and flat in the US (this may be down to USD strength). Provisions were €1.1bn in H1 2012, so still at worrying levels (the 2011 total was €1.6bn). On the operational side, IBRC continues to manage costs relatively tightly – operating expenses fell 18% year-on-year in H1 2012. However, the costs of running the bank are the least of our concerns. In terms of what the ultimate bill for IBRC will be, clearly, this is highly susceptible to macroeconomic and political factors over which the bank has no control. At the end of June it had €1.5bn in surplus regulatory capital, so for the time being at least management’s guidance that the final bill will come in below the Central Bank / Financial Regulator’s estimates looks OK but, clearly, the risks at this time appear to be skewed to the downside.

Written by Philip O'Sullivan

August 24, 2012 at 9:39 am

Market Musings 10/6/2012

with one comment

The main focus since my last wrap has been the troubling developments in Spain. There is a sense of déjà vu about that for Irish people, especially given the initial hollow denials and now the failure to grasp the nettle about the scale of the problem. It is implausible that Spain, with its circa €1trn GDP, needs ‘only’ €100bn to support its troubled banks, given that Ireland (GDP €161bn) has so far injected over €60bn into its banks (slide 49), not least given that the massive scale of the problems in Spain have been known about for quite some time.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in Independent News & Media plc) The main corporate news in Ireland has been provided by Independent News & Media, whose Chairman and CFO were voted off the board at Friday’s AGM. I can only hope that these changes will prove to be the final events in a battle for control of Ireland’s largest newspaper group that have proven to be a distraction from more pressing issues such as remedying the firm’s excessive debt pile and reshaping its portfolio of assets. On the latter note, it was interesting to read reports that INM’s largest shareholder, Denis O’Brien, favours an exiting of South Africa, where senior ANC politician and wealthy businessman Cyril Ramaphosa is reportedly interested in acquiring the group’s interests in that market. My own preference would be for a sale of INM’s stake in Australasian group APN News & Media, given both that APN is exposed to a far more mature market with limited growth prospects and INM’s minority shareholding means that it has limited control over APN’s cashflows, unlike its wholly-owned subsidiary in South Africa.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in Abbey plc) In recent months I’ve noted positive commentary on the UK housebuilding sector by the listed corporates in that space. Bellway’s interim management statement, released on Friday, continued this trend, with management noting improving reservations, margins and average selling prices. This strengthens my conviction around my holding in Abbey plc, which derives the majority of its profits from South-East England.


Speaking of UK housing, the Department of Energy & Climate Change released some interesting stats about insulation rates. While over the five years to April 2012 some 3m houses had seen cavity wall insulation fitted and 5m had loft insulation fitted, a significant proportion of the UK’s housing stock is still lacking adequate insulation. Some 38% of homes with lofts have no loft insulation, while 40% of houses with cavity walls have no cavity wall insulation. These are addressable markets of 9m and 8m houses respectively, which highlights the structural growth opportunity (in every sense) that’s out there for the likes of Kingspan and SIG.


In the food and beverage sector, this article highlights Diageo’s competitive advantage in the scotch whisky market.


Switching to the banks, Liberum’s Cormac Leech provided some interesting views on the UK financials, which to some extent mirrors my Eurozone-related near-term caution around Bank of Ireland, as expressed in yesterday’s case study. The one thing I would differ from Cormac on is RBS, given that while he is correct to flag its large exposure to Ireland, as I’ve outlined before RBS’ Irish unit (Ulster Bank) has a largely domestically funded balance sheet which mitigates a lot of this risk.


Finally, the Republic of Ireland plays its first game in Euro 2012 against Croatia this evening. This picture of fans at Dublin Airport’s Terminal 2 made me smile.

Written by Philip O'Sullivan

June 10, 2012 at 9:47 am

Market Musings 28/5/2012

leave a comment »

Since my last blog post it’s been a case of the good (Irish plc updates), the bad (financial irregularities) and the ugly (Eurovision).


Origin Enterprises posted a solid Q3 trading update this morning. Underlying revenue is ahead by 7% in the year to date, led by a strong agronomy performance. Its main associates, Valeo Foods and Welcon performed solidly. In terms of the outlook, management says it is: “comfortable with consensus market estimates for an adjusted fully diluted earnings per share of circa 44.5 cent”. I suspect that the risks to that lie to the upside, given that all businesses were at least performing to expectations heading into Q4 (the second half of Origin’s financial year accounts for 85% of FY profits, so management may be playing it somewhat cautious). I like Origin – a lot. Management has done a great job in reshaping the business, merging non-core units with peers to create strong associate businesses that can be sold off in order to realise value in the future while investing capital to support its main farm-related operations, which tap into the structural themes of EU quota removal and rising food demand from emerging markets. One further attraction of its business model is that it is extremely cash generative, and likely to move into a net cash position possibly as early as end-2013 on my estimates (barring any large acquisitions), so if balance sheet safety is your thing, Origin is worth taking a look at.


Elsewhere in the food space Calum wrote an interesting blog about Hilton Food Group. On learning that it has 90% exposure to only two customers I became immediately nervous about it, due to the risk that margins could be squeezed ever-tighter by its key accounts.


Diageo bought Brazil’s leading premium spirits brand. While Diageo is not a stock I closely follow, I have noticed that it has been buying up more and more spirits brands, particularly those in emerging markets. Its focus on high-growth markets makes me wonder what Diageo’s longer-term intentions for its Irish beer brands – Guinness, Harp, Kilkenny and Smithwick’s – are. Were any of them to become available at some point in the future, I suspect the cash-rich C&C would be keen to acquire them, not least given the success it has had in cross-selling its cider brands since adding Tennent’s Lager to its portfolio.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in Allied Irish Banks plc) The Financial Times reported that AIB is looking to sell €675m of loans which are primarily secured against Irish commercial real estate. Assuming the report is accurate, the pricing of this will be interesting as a gauge of what people are willing to pay for Irish loan assets at this time. I am in the process of building a model on AIB and I hope to share some detailed views on it with you in due course.


First Derivatives released strong results, with revenue and EBITDA rising 25% and 22% respectively in the year to end-February 2012. The statement contained a number of key positives, including news that its client base has now grown to “91 different investment banks, exchanges, brokers and hedge funds”; the revelation that the firm’s property assets (book value £15.5m) have been independently valued as having a market value of £18.9m; and the firm reported growth not just across all of its business segments (software and consulting) but also all of its key geographies (UK, rest of Europe, America and Australasia). In all, this reads like a company that’s doing all the right things.


The Central Bank of Ireland directed Bloxham Stockbrokers to cease all regulated activities. This is yet another setback for the image of Ireland Inc after a wave of financial scandals in recent years.


Merrion Pharmaceuticals said that its CEO is to step down.


Serial wasters of taxpayers’ money, Cork City Council, spent €259,000 commissioning a map that it has no plans to exhibit. Funny the way ‘austerity’ hasn’t seen a halt to white elephants like that.

Written by Philip O'Sullivan

May 28, 2012 at 5:18 pm

Market Musings 12/2/2012

with 3 comments

As the reporting season starts to really get going it’s no surprise that we’ve seen a lot of newsflow right across the market. Let’s run through what’s been happening on a sector-by-sector basis, and what the read-through for companies yet to report their numbers is.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in CRH plc) Kicking off with the construction sector, I was interested to read that some of CRH’s major peers on both sides of the Atlantic have posted consensus-beating results. HeidelbergCement reported Q4 EBITDA of €639m, well ahead of consensus of €580m, while in the US Beacon Roofing reported EPS of 41c versus expectations of 29c. Just by way of a reminder, CRH’s geographic split is 50% North America, 35% Europe and 15% emerging markets. Based on recent sector results I suspect the risks to CRH’s full-year results on February 28 lie to the upside.


In the food and beverage sector, Diageo revealed that Guinness is recording strong growth in emerging markets, with volumes in Africa increasing by 8% while Asia-Pacific volumes rose 13%. Having had a few pints in a bar in Kuching on the island of Borneo last year, I can indeed confirm that Guinness is making headway in emerging markets! Elsewhere, Greencore announced a very impressive underlying sales performance, recording growth on this measure of 11.2% in the 17 weeks to 27 January. International Flavors & Fragrances, a major competitor of Kerry Group’s Ingredients & Flavours division, reported very strong results that bode well for Kerry’s FY results on February 21. Kerry has previously guided 8-12% growth in earnings for 2011, led by a strong performance by Ingredients & Flavours.


(Disclaimer: I am a shareholder in AIB plc, Bank of Ireland plc and Irish Life & Permanent plc) In the financials space, Danske Bank, which owns National Irish Bank, revealed that its Irish impairments and underlying profits both worsened in 2011. In contrast, KBC said that its Irish subsidiary saw impairment charges fall last year. We should get a clearer overview of the domestic situation when Bank of Ireland issues its full-year results on February 20th. Switching to our friends in the UK, there were a number of interesting data points that could suggest upside to the Irish banks’ deleveraging plans. Firstly, Barclays’ UK retail and business impairments fell 35% to £536m in 2011, making for a 44bps charge (2010: 70bps), which could enhance the attraction of any UK loan books in this segment that the Irish banks attempt to offload. Similarly, news that buy-to-let mortgages in the UK are enjoying something of a renaissance is positive news for Irish Life & Permanent in particular, given that IL&P has to sell its £6.4bn UK BTL-heavy loanbook as part of the PLAR requirements. Of course, time will tell how successful the divestments will ultimately be.


(Disclaimer: I am an indirect shareholder in Dragon Oil plc) As I alluded to recently, an investment fund that I am involved in has gone long Dragon Oil. A couple of days ago I came across this nice summary of the attractions of the company. Elsewhere, my Russian comrade on the MBA programme, Denis Shikunov, posted up E&Y’s 2011 Global Oil & Gas Transactions Review. I think we’ll be seeing a lot of M&A in this space during 2012, given the astonishingly cheap valuations to be found in the small-cap segment in particular.


In the blogosphere, Neonomic posted up an interesting analysis of housebuilder Barratt Developments. It’s a stock a lot of value investing bloggers like, but my preferred play in the sector, due to its bulletproof balance sheet and very inexpensive rating is Abbey. Elsewhere, John Kingham identified an interesting sounding net-net called Molins that’s worth taking a look at. Calum looked at Topps Tiles, which he rightly concludes is a leveraged play on an UK economic recovery. Wexboy posted up part IV of The Great Irish Share Valuation Project. Finally Kelpie Capital posted up a very good piece on Tesco, which is a stock I am strongly minded to purchase.

Market Musings 23/9/11

leave a comment »

College deadlines and Arthur’s Day both conspired to prevent me from updating this blog yesterday, which is a pity given the volume of interesting snippets that I’ve come across since Wednesday.


I was amused to see this philosophical take on the recent UK riots by the CEO of JD Sports:


As the riots showed, there is a strong demand for our products on the High Street

Long-term trends in alcohol consumption is something that has interested me in the past. We’ve seen traditional beers lose market share to spirits, cider and wine for many years now, which has clear implications for the likes of Guinness owner Diageo and Bulmers/Magners owner C&C. This chart from Mike McDonough shows that growth in wine spend in the US has outstripped beer over the past decade.


This is an interesting article – BT’s copper wiring is worth more than the group’s enterprise value.


Staying with the US, this is a very effective table explaining the US fiscal position in household budget terms. Elsewhere in the States, I note that unemployment among the over-55s stands at levels not seen for six decades.


Following on from my last blog, one of my readers sent me this link to some interesting pointers on “Full Tilt Ponzi“.


Turning to corporate newsflow, we saw some very strong results from Origin Enterprises yesterday. Earnings growth of 16% was well ahead of consensus of circa 10%. Origin’s outlook statement was more qualitative than quantitative, as you’d expect given its FY12 has only just started. However, it is clear that things are looking up for this company, which is perfectly placed to benefit from the positive conditions in the agri sector.


I note that Easyjet increased its full-year PBT guidance from £200-230m to £240-250m yesterday. The company also declared a £150m special dividend. From an Irish perspective there is obvious positive read-through for Ryanair’s quarterly results in November.


Speaking of upgrades, Goodbody Stockbrokers raised its forecast for Irish 2011 GDP growth from 0.5% to 1.3%, with the GNP forecast moving from -1.0% to 0%. This revision is solely down to net exports, with domestic demand remaining weak.


DCC announced a great deal in the energy space this morning, which will go a long way towards meeting its ambitions of securing 20% of the UK fuel market. Assuming that today’s acquisition and the previously announced Pace deal both secure regulatory approval, these will take the volume of fuel that DCC distributes each year to over 9bn litres. DCC has a consistent track record of delivering high returns from its energy business, and it is one of my preferred stocks at the moment.

%d bloggers like this: